Uganda is slightly smaller than the state of Oregon in the USA, with a total area of 236,040 sq km. She is bordered by Kenya to the East and Tanzania tothe South – all in the EA Community. To the West and North, she is bordered by DR Congo and Sudan respectively, making it a landlocked country.
The country, however, is well watered and fertile. Although it lies at the Equator it receives about three rainy seasons a year, with Lake Victoria, The Nile, the forests and the Rwenzori mountains determining much of the climate. In forest ecosystems it rains almost daily and weather is unpredictable. Water covers 36,330 sq km, about 15% of Uganda’s area. The country is rich in wildlife, game, birds, and over 50 ethnic groups who occupying this beautiful, green country. Although it lies astride the equator, most of Uganda is on a plateau 3,600-6,000 ft/900-1,830 m above sea level.
Uganda achieved independence from the UK in 1962. It went through turbulent years under the dictatorial regime of the now dead Idi Amin (1971-79), and the guerrilla war under Milton Obotw(1980-85). From the late 1980s, the new National Resistance Movement government led by President Yoweri Museveni brought about peace, prosperity and many investors have come to participate in the country’s reconstruction. In Uganda alone, a birder will enjoy twelve percent of bird species of the world, a tracker will find half of the world’s gorillas; an explorer will have an opportunity to see more than 7% of the world’s mammals. For the discerning traveller the potential for Ecotourism here is enormous, and the adventurous have tapped into it.
Uganda is a fascinating country to travel around by vehicle and chartered aircraft. The guides are fully equipped for you, even in areas where there are no facilities at all, except perhaps a nearby river. From a bucket for washing pots and clothes, to cooking gear and the food you need for the whole journey, including fresh vegetables, they can provide it. Bottled drinking water in the vehicles is available at all times.
Compared to the other East African countries such as Kenya and Tanzania, Uganda is relatively new to tourism. The countries infrastructure, including road and air networks, telephone, hotels, restaurants, lodges and medical facilities, are quite basic by western standards, yet can be costly - it is important to be aware of this.
Please Remember in National Parks and Game Reserves we are custodians of our own environment. Please keep our motto: "Take nothing but a photograph, leave nothing but a footprint" in mind.